CALEM is committed to ensuring that that the school leadership programmes to be delivered in the FY 2017-18 have a sound basis in the needs, preferences and expectations of various levels of school leaders from different parts of India. Accordingly, the core functionaries of CALEM have conducted school leadership needs assessments in different parts of India. Inputs from these needs assessments have been used to refine and customize the content framework and delivery methods of CALEM. As far as HE leadership is concerned, TISS proposes to rely on the HE leadership needs assessments done by it in eight Indian cities in the recent past, for the time being. CALEM relies on the past work done by TISS in the field of HE (including several needs assessments).